Day jobs and other interruptions
Of the 9,000 visual artists in Australia a frighteningly large proportion are earning less than $7,300 from their art. David Throsby's latest report Don't Give Up Your Day Job reminds us that earning subsistence income from sources other than an artist's real work forms an endemic pattern which is barely commented on these days. Day jobs range from telemarketing to taxi driving while lack of moral support from the current administration makes the enactment of tax benefits which would alleviate some of this pain more difficult than it should be. Mr David Gonski , Chair of the Australia Council which commissioned the report, believes that government and industry should do more to improve artists' incomes, and that as a society we are missing the chance to capitalize on the huge pool of talented, trained artists in our midst. As one important government issue, resale royalties, long denied to Australians, are on the federal agenda again, so some benefit will be felt by artists whose works are in the secondary market, if and when the legislation is achieved.
" In an outstanding example of negotiation between interest groups, agreement has been reached on a Code of Practice for Australian Galleries and the Artists They Represent. The Australian Commercial Galleries Association, the National Association for the Visual Arts and the Australia Council have all signed off on it and it is available now. It should be compulsory reading for the education of artists and dealers about their rights and obligations in the treacherous and so far uncharted waters of the art market.
" In September ACMI (Australian Centre for the Moving Image) in Melbourne welcomed its millionth visitor, easily exceeding (after 11 months) the estimate of 800,000 for its first year of operation. It has quickly become a regular stopping place for locals and visitors to Melbourne who love the interactive cinema and virtual reality elements as well as the rich range of curated shows and events. This success story bodes well for other states thinking about creating moving image centres within art museum complexes, Queensland's Gallery of Modern Art being one which has already committed to this.
" http://www.artistprofiles.com.au/ is a site where you can see whole exhibitions from a variety of galleries, selected by independent enthusiast David Loughton whose favourite Neitzsche quote is 'Art is the proper task of life'.
" Artists, theorists and organisations (especially from the Asia-Pacific region) are invited to participate in pathiharn electron [supernatural] part of Switch Media art festival Chiang Mai, Thailand, 6-30 April 2004, any form of digital media art accepted. Switch Media is a non-profit organization run by an international team with backgrounds in art, new media and project-management. The festival will consist of lectures, workshops, screenings and exhibitions mainly at Chiang Mai University Art Museum and through the city. Deadline 15 January 2004. Info email firstname.lastname@example.org
Gertrude Contemporary Art Space is offering the second in their limited edition multiples by artists who have been associated with the Gertrude St Studios. The works are donated by the artists to raise funds for the organization. Kate Beynon has produced 30 copies each of two paintings on the theme of warrior girl Li Ji on 12.5 x 12.5cm canvases for $880 each. The previous edition by Ricky Swallow sold out quickly. Phone 03 9419 3406 email@example.com
Awards, patrons and sponsorship
" Northern Territory artist, Bronwyn Wright has won the inaugural $20,000 ENERGEX Arbour Contemporary Art Prize from Queensland for her photo image Jump! 4 Ever Family. This and other outstanding selected entries in the competition which called for images of the 21st Century family, were shown outdoors as 2.4 x 3m banners in the wonderful bougainvillea arbour at Southbank, Brisbane.
Image: Bronwyn Wright Jump! 4 Ever Family.
" Wendy Sharpe (NSW) has won the $18,000 2003 Portia Geach Memorial Award with her Self Portrait with Tea Cup and Burning Paintings.
" Ian Burns and John Clark have won the $100,000 McClelland Award for sculpture with Plantation 2003 - 28 identical vertical 'pods',which are on show in the grounds of the McClelland Gallery+Sculpture Park until March 8th, as part of the large sculpture event the McClelland Survey.
" At last! A body has been formed which will help sculpture in Australia. The Balnaves Foundation was established by Neil and Diane Balnaves in 2003 to support medicine as well as art, and one of their first commitments was to help the Art Gallery of NSW set up a five year program of exhibitions and acquisitions of contemporary and historical sculpture. Still Life, the first of the exhibitions (Sept-Nov 2003), brought together five sculptors: James Angus, Mikala Dwyer, Emily Floyd, Ronnie Van Hout and Ricky Swallow. In 2004 the Gallery will commission a major site-specifc sculpture, in 2005 an international sculptor will be invited to produce a new, possibly ephemeral work, in 2006 there will be a retrospective of the work of Bertram Mackennal, the Victorian/Edwardian sculptor and in 2007 a large piece by an Australian sculptor will be bought.
" Macquarie Bank has given $85,000 to Bundanon Trust's Adopt a School program, which gives disadvantaged government schools access to the Arthur Boyd property and its education programs. Bundanon was gifted to the nation by the Boyds, together with a great deal of their art, and offers residencies to artists. Now students aged 6 – 18 will enjoy three-day intensive workshops there. www.bundanon.com.au
" Unnatural Selection
The inaugural Waterhouse Natural History Art Prize 2003 at the South Australian Museum awarded a total of well over $70,000 in cash and kind amongst 10 artists from around Australia; the brief was a work of art about natural history (which was not to include any items made by humans). From a weird assortment of birds, landscapes, and wildlife emerged works which fell between every conceivable stool – neither cutting edge work relating to art and science, nor exciting art. The process was hampered by both the conservatism (and in the case of the two non-art people on the panel including the Director of SAM, the ignorance) of the judges, and the culling process which resulted in the response to an enquiry from one of Australia's most celebrated artists, that his work was not eligible for entry. If the organiser, the Waterhouse Club, (set up some years ago for well-heeled patrons to support the SA Museum, but whose main activities appear to be of a fun kind - theme picnics and novelty dinners as well as the odd expedition to the bush with a Museum Curator) is determined to enter the ranks of art prize organisers, it needs to appoint a panel to oversee such an event which has a grasp of current thinking in the arts. Dead giveaways were the entry categories: 'A: oil, acrylic or mix; B watercolour, pastel, gouache, ink, charcoal, pencil or mix; C: Sculpture' (this last included the proviso that it must be able to pass through a normal door!). This sadly misguided effort at supporting the SA Museum (why an Art Prize though?) contributed nothing to art or science and exposed a noble scientific institution to ridicule.
" Tamara Winikoff, Director of the National Association for the Arts, has been awarded the Emeritus Medal by the Visual Arts Craft Board of the Australia Council for her services to the visual arts.
" Chryssy Tintner is the new Executive Officer of Viscopy, Australia's visual arts copyright collection agency, replacing Anna Ward who resigned to take up a position with a firm of lawyers in London specializing in copyright.
" Jane MacFarlane is the new state manager for the Australian Business Arts Foundation (AbaF) in Tasmania. (03) 6233 5934.
" Robyn Daw is Head of Education at the National Gallery of Australia
" Alison Kubler has joined the curatorial team at QUT Art Museum.
Artists' Week returns
The Art Gallery of SA is the venue for the welcome return of the premier national talkfest for the visual arts, under the banner of the Adelaide Bank 2004 Festival of Arts. Artists' Week Director Erica Green, with the help of forum curators Ian North, Alasdair Foster, Liz Ann McGregor, Tamara Winikoff and others are offering keynote speakers Dave Hickey (theorist USA) and Anna Somers Cocks (Art Newspaper), a Sacred Symposium of all-indigenous celebrities, 5 days of forums with leading artists, curators, theorists, critics and ratbags, as well as great food and atmosphere, 28 February – 4 March, free of charge. Full details of program released January. www.adelaidefestival.com.au
Forward planning > March
" Aboriginal and Oceanic Art Fair, Sydney, June
" Affordable Art Fair, Melbourne dates 15 - 18 April
" Festival of Pacific Arts, Republic of Palau, Micronesia 22 – 31 July
" Biennale of Sydney: On Reason and Emotion 4 June – 15 August www.biennaleofsydney.com.au
" Biennial of Electronic Arts Perth, John Curtin Gallery, September:
" Melbourne Art Fair 29 September - 3 October.
EXHIBITIONS TO WATCH
December - March 2004
" Australians in Hollywood showcases the history of Australian actors, directors, producers, designers and technicians in Tinseltown, from the lesser-known artists of yesteryear to the stars of today. National Portrait Gallery at its second space, Commonwealth Place, to 21 March 2004, 02 6270 8236, portrait.gov.au
" Home Sweet Home: Works from the Peter Fay Collection is delivers art with an unashamedly domestic context and offers inventive ways of approaching collecting. At the National Gallery of Australia until 18 January 2004 before starting a tour.
" The 2nd Auckland Triennial Public/Private Tumatanui/Tamataiti, curated by Ewen McDonald and Ngahiraka Mason, looks at privacy, surveillance, personal freedom and a raft of related global issues. This new major show in our region can be seen at 3 Auckland venues: Auckland Art Gallery, Gus Fisher Gallery and Artspace 20 March – 30 May.
" Bloom: mutation, toxicity and the sublime - humanity vs nature, a challenging curatorial premise explored by international artists Eduardo Kac, Jun Nguyen-Hatsushiba, Motohiko Odani, Patricia Piccinini, Saskia Olde Wolbers, Boyd Webb, Denise Kum and David Hatcher, Hany Armanious, Christine Borland, Tamami Hitsuda, Susan Norrie, and Magnus Wallin, Govett-Brewster Gallery, New Plymouth to 26 February.
New South Wales
" Darkness & Light: Caravaggio & His World comprises 8 Caravaggios and around 50 works by his contemporaries including the famous Artemisia Gentilischi. Art Gallery of NSW to 22 February, (National Gallery of Victoria 11 March – 30 May).
" Colin McCahon: A Question of Faith, is a major touring show originating at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, curated by Marja Bloem. (see feature Artlink V23#3) Art Gallery of NSW (final venue) closes 18 January 2004.
" Nam June Paik: 32 cars for the 20th century play Mozart's Requiem quietly is a large laser and neon tower on loan from Korea which will be installed on the Forecourt of the Sydney Opera House surrounded by 16 cars filled with old technology and video monitors. Suspended States is a series of photographs by Cherine Fahd and Trent Parke mounted in lightboxes around Circular Quay and Martin Place. Both installations Sydney Festival 8 – 26 January.
" Tracey Moffatt a comprehensive survey from mid 1980s to present, including her film and video works. Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney to 29 February.
" Take a Bowery, The Art and (larger than) Life of Leigh Bowery, is the first in depth survey to examine the infamous extreme fashion as performance career of the Melbourne-born phenomenon whose life was mostly spent in London clubs and nights out. Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney to 7 March.
CAPTION Fergus Greer Leigh Bowery Looks,1988, courtesy artist/ Michael Hopper Gallery, London
" Man Ray brings together for the first time in Australia a definitive view of 200 works mostly from 1917-1939 when this inventive artist made his revolutionary work. Based largely on the Paris collection of his assistant Lucein Treillard, it is co-curated by Judy Annear and Emmanuelle de L'Ecotais and supported by a rich program of talks and screenings. Art Gallery of NSW 6 February – 18 April and touring to Brisbane and Melbourne.
" MAKEbelieve: Photographic Fictions explores the unconscious, the imaginary and inexplicable through the work of 10 photoartists including Shayne Higson, Helen Kundecevic, Robyn Stacey and Polixeni Papapetrou at Stills Gallery, Sydney 31 January – 13 March.
Image Polixeni Papapetrou, The Flying Cards, 2003, photograph 105 x 105 cm.
" Kiichiro Ishida and the Sydney Camera Circle 1920s – 1940s charts the work of this early Japanese/Australian photo artist and his Sydney friends. Museum of Sydney, 20 December – 25 April.
The Brisbane Line: Queensland Women Artists of the Early 20th Century, QUT Art Museum, to 7 March 2004
" Four artists in four galleries – Roderick Bunter, Judith Kentish, Michael Zavros and Sarah Ryan all on at the Institute of Modern Art, Brisbane to 31 January.
" Judy Watson, painter and printmaker, will have a solo show at the Institute of Modern Art 19 March – 24 April.
"Charles Conder 1868 – 1909 retrospective of an artist who spent only 6 years in this country but helped found the Heidelberg School in the late 1880s. Art Gallery of SA to 26 January.
Adelaide Festival of Arts exhibitions:
" John Glover and the Colonial Picturesque, curated by David Hanson for the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, is a landmark survey of the work of the successful English landscape artist who emigrated to Tasmania in 1830 aged 63, where he became the father of Australian landscape painting. Art Gallery of South Australia 19 February – 12 April and touring to Canberra and Melbourne.
" Adelaide Biennial of Australian Art focusing on photo-media cuated by Julie Robinson, Art Gallery of SA from 28 February.
" Holy Holy Holy explores the nexus between Christianity and Aboriginal art, a major touring show curated by Vivonne Thwaites, Flinders University City Gallery, Adelaide, 27 February – 14 March.
Requested image to email
" William Robinson: The Revelation of Landscape University of SA Art Museum 26 February – 4 April.
"Art of the Biotech Era curated by Melentie Pandilovski, Experimental Art Foundation 26 February – 10 April.
" Other festival shows: Christine Borland (UK) at Contemporary Art Centre of SA, Stories from Australia: Aboriginal & TSI Peoples at Tandanya, Experimenta House of Tomorrow at Artspace, The Rugs of War Afghan carpets, at Nexus Multicultural Art Centre, Patricia Piccinini and Peter Hennessy at Greenaway Art Gallery, all from 27 February.
" Fringe exhibitions include Zoo Artwalk: animal sculptures specially made by SA artists, at the Adelaide Zoo, 21 February – 22 March.
" Transfigure is a major international show of immersive virtual-reality, interactives, projections, animations by 15 leading artists from 6 countries exploring the way our views of the world have been changed by moving image technologies. Artists include Char Davies, Stelarc, Chris Cunningham, Gina Czarnecki, Robert Gligorov, and Justine Cooper. Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Melbourne to 9 May.
Image requested from Brendan Wall ACMI
" Also at ACMI is a season of all five episodes of The Cremaster Cycle a series of provocative films which fuse art and cinema, made between 1994 and 2002 by US cult artist/filmmaker Matthew Barney. (www.cremaster.net) From 8 February, ph (03) 8663 2200 for session times.
"Judging Architecture: Issues, Divisions, Triumphs. Victorian Architecture Awards 1929–2003, a pictorial exhibition about the judgements on architectural design reveals changing attitudes towards the built environment, Heide Museum of Modern Art, to 22 February 2004, (03) 9850 1500 or firstname.lastname@example.org
" Linden Postcard Show is a selection of images no larger than 30 x 30 x 30 cm submitted by artists all around Australia, with cash and art material prizes from Art Spectrum to the three who come up with an image which grabs the attention of the serious judges Kelly Gellatly, Irene Sutton and David Rosetszky. Linden: St Kilda Centre for Contemporary Arts, Melbourne 31 January – 13 March 2004 www.lindenarts.org, (03) 9209 6794
picture postcard with eye in toe
CAPTION: Bronwyn Turnbull Impetus, 2002, digital print. Jpeg OK
" The Print Exposed demonstrates and explains 24 historical or alternative photographic print processes from Daguerrotype to Cibachrome with examples from UK, North America and Australia. Gold Street Studios, Collingwood, Melbourne, to 26 January 2004 ph (03) 9415 9559 www.goldstreetstudios.com.au
" Giant – ancient and historic trees is an exhibition and book about famous trees of the world with a focus on Australia through historical photographs, paintings, prints etc. Specially commissioned large format photographs by John Gollings honour some of our celebrity specimens and Tim Jones has made wood engravings of significant sites in Victoria. A timely and popular show at Geelong Gallery to 15 February.
Picture optional, only if space – could be moved to the Book column as it is black and white
John Gollings The Separation Tree, 2003, from Giant
" Tracey Moffatt surveys the past 15 years work of this international artist, including her recent explorations of the impact of film and pop culture on our lives. Curated by Ted Snell for the Perth International Festival. John Curtin Gallery 6 February – 28 March.
" UWA Perth International Arts Festival (www.perthfestival.com.au) visual arts program includes:
- Ian de Gruchy giant projections on various buildings through the Festival
REQUESTED Image: Ian de Gruchy projection on ???
- Guan Wei: Prediction-Reflection, recent works by the Chinese-Australian artist include his Ned Kelly paintings. Church Gallery, , 5 February – 7 March.
- Howard Taylor: Phenomena, a survey of his work with a focus on the 1980s and 1990s. Perth International Festival, Art Gallery of Western Australia 5 February – 2 May.
- Lisa Roet: Pri-mates various meditations on the chimpanzee, Lawrence Wilson Gallery 13 February – 20 April
- Martin Smith and Kate McMillan two shows exploring death and disaster, Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts 12 February – 21 March
" Barks from Arnhem Land, Works from the collection, holmes à court gallery, to February 2004.
" Paper Matters, works on paper from the University of Western Australia art collection comprises drawings, prints and watercolours from the 1870s to the 1980s. Lawrence Wilson Art Gallery, to 2 February 2004.
Public Art & Architecture
Webb Bridge, created by artist Robert Owen and architects Denton Corker Marshall for the revamped Melbourne Docklands, was opened in September 2003. The new pedestrian/cycle way, formerly a railway bridge spanning the Yarra River, has been transformed at one end into a 6m high latticed hooped sculpture. Inspired by a woven eel trap and lit at night, it creates a focal point for Yarra's Edge, the new luxury residential development. The $6m bridge/sculpture was developed and funded by Mirvac in conjunction with VicUrban. Mirvac has committed to spend $10m on public art for Yarra's Edge.
Picture of Webb Bridge from CD jpeg
CAPTION: Robert Owen and DKM, Webb Bridge, Melbourne.
" Another new major public artwork in Melbourne, launched in October, is Island Wave by Lisa Young. It comprises 22 steel French curves, each 5m long, that follow the curve of the roundabout at Franklin and Queen streets.
" Art & Soul Gallery is a new space for South Australia's remote Indigenous artists which opened 13 November in Sussex St, Glenelg in association with Ananguku Arts & Culture Aboriginal Corporation.
" The Noguchi Museum in Long Island City, NY, dedicated to the work of Isamu Noguchi (1904 – 1988) will reopen on 17 April 2004 after several years of major structural repairs. The famous museum and garden is a tranquil oasis of calm within the city and every detail of the original conversion from a 1927 printing works was designed by the sculptor. Its program will now be extended to include temporary shows relating to Noguchi as well as the collection. www.noguchi.org
" Exhibition Hall is the inspired name of a new space in the Sydney Opera House whose first exhibition will be Sydney Style, a collection of Sydney design, for the Sydney Festival 6 January – 14 March.
" The National Gallery of Victoria on St Kilda Rd reopened on 4 December after massive $160m renovations designed by Italian architect Mario Bellini, (Milan) with Métier 3 of Melbourne. It houses the international collection and has 25% more exhibition space than the old gallery. world rush_4 artists is the first major special exhibition for NGV International with Eija-Liisa Ahtila, Doug Aitken, Lee Bul and Sarah Sze, rising international stars, looking at questions of beauty for our time.
Picture: Sarah Sze (USA) Every Thing in its Right Place, 2002, sculpture
" The new Museum of Brisbane, which opened on 25 October, aims to tell the stories of Brisbane past and present through exhibitions using community collections, artefacts, electronic games, moving images, photographs, artwork and voice. Formerly the Brisbane City Gallery, it is on the ground floor of the City Hall. Info: (07) 3403 8888.
Australian art overseas
" Object – Australian Centre for Craft & Design took a range of work to Japan in October for the Tokyo Designers Block 2003 which coincided with Ancient*Future – Australian Arts Festival Japan 2003. Dinosaur Designs formed the centrepiece, with over 500 pieces, of jewellery, textiles and homewares as well as a giant chandelier. Ruth McMillan, Marc Pascal and Julie Paterson showed ceramics, textiles and lighting, all at the Spiral Gallery at Aoyama. They were supported by the Australian Embassy in Tokyo.
" In November 2003 an independent collective from NSW, Victoria and Queensland went to Milan where they were joined by Milan-based writer/curator Roberto Pinto in an exhibition project Quiet Collision: Current Practice/Australian Style. One of the artists had made the trip in 2002 to secure good venues for the group which comprised Simone LeAmon, Charles Anderson, Damiano Bertoli, Michael Zavros and Marco Fusinato (artists) and Alison Kubler and Stuart Koop (curator/writers). The results of a 12-month process of exchange and collaboration was seen at the Association Viafarini, and CareOf contemporary art spaces in Milan.
" Face UP: Contemporary Art from Australia, at the monumental Hamburger Bahnhof Museum, complete with bright pink flag fluttering from the tower, suffered a little in terms of its installation due to a fire in the building shortly before installation causing several galleries to be closed. However, within these limits the work was sensitively installed and enthusiastically embraced by local audiences in Berlin who were seen puzzling over and debating the exotic iconography of the Piccinini space with its surfer and ocean-girl-mutant theme. Those who bought a Face Up catalogue during the run of the show were presented with a complimentary copy of Artlink's September issue Rich and Strange. Artlink was also the only Australian art magazine at the very chic art fair Art Forum Berlin and received much positive feedback. It was a pity that the organizers of the Australian panel discussion at the Art Forum missed the chance to showcase Australian publications, both periodicals and catalogues, or indeed even to offer promotional material or samples of the catalogue of Face Up. So often it seems our international efforts, despite massive budget spending in some areas, fall needlessly short of the basic common sense minimum required to meet the demands of simpler but equally important moments. Making time and headspace to plan a realistic strategy for the presentations by the Australian panel would have also averted what was a public relations tragedy.
" Contemporary Art of Australia, a touring exhibition of work by Tony Clark, Destiny Deacon, Louise Weaver, Richard Tipping, Anne Wallace, Melita Dahl, Fiona Foley, Gloria Petyarre and Julie Dowling was mounted by Galerie Seippel in Cologne from October to mid-January. A 72-page catalogue accompanies the tour through Germany to Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst (14 Feb – 18 April) and the Kulturstiftung Schloss Agathenburg (25April - 16 June).
Image: Julie Dowling Ecologically Harmless, 2003, acrylic on canvas, 120 x 100 cm
" Australian artists, Maslen & Mehra were artists in residence for two months at The Eden Project in Cornwall UK from November 2003. The residency is part of a six-month project that will result in a new body of work, exhibition and publication. One of the highlights is The Humid Tropics Biome, the world's largest greenhouse, where visitors can gain an understanding of man's relationship with, and dependence upon, plants. www.voidgallery.com/upcoming.htm
" The Artificial Horizon: Imagining the Blue Mountains by Martin Thomas, draws on painting, photography, legend, explorers' journals and visitors' diaries to evoke what the Blue Mountains represent to people at various times. Melbourne University Publishing $49.95
" At Home in Australia by Peter Conrad uses the photography collection of the National Gallery of Australia to trace this expatriate writer's journey to rediscover the country he left aged 20. The settlement of Australia coincided with the birth of photography and the books reveals how photography incrementally helped Australians build a sense of community. Thames & Hudson in assoc with the NGA. Paperback version only from NGA: $49.
The Bright Shapes and the True Names: A Memoir by Patrick McCaughey is a highly entertaining autobiography of one of Australian art's most remarkable and charismatic figures. The Text Publishing Company RRP $32.
Rhythms of Life: The Art of Andrew Rogers, Ken Scarlett (ed.). This lavishly illustrated publication surveys the entire range and production of Rogers' bronze sculptures and monumental stone geoglyphs. Macmillan Art Publishing RRP $99.
Love & Clutter by Mirka Mora. This exquisite and unusual book, a collection of pieces about the extraordinary nature of ordinary objects, is a marriage of text and art. Viking RRP $45.
The Diaries of Donald Friend Volume 2, Paul Hetherington (ed.), is the second of four volumes to be published by the National Library, revealing Friend's fine powers of observation, his irreverence and wit, his sensitivity and his marvellous eloquence. National Library of Australia RRP $59.95.
The Darkroom: Photography and the Theatre of Desire by Anne Marsh. In this engaging study, Dr Anne Marsh argues that photography is a 'theatre of desire' driven by the needs of photographer, viewer and subject alike. MacMillan Publishers $59.
In our September issue the article on hyperrealism by Tracey Clement included some discussion of the work of Patricia Piccinini. Artlink wishes to apologise to Sam Jinks, the Melbourne-based sculptor responsible for physically creating some of the recent works of Piccinini, including The Young Famiily, for not acknowledging his crucial role in the realisation of these hyperreal silicone sculptures. Jinks' role goes beyond the more commonly understood role of fabricator in which work may be executed in steel, fibreglass, marble etc by skilled specialists from precise drawings or computer specifications. The comparison with the work of Ron Mueck may have suggested to readers that Piccinini, like Mueck, was closely involved in the actual making of this work. Artlink did not mean to suggest this and while acknowledging that Piccinini, if consulted, always takes pains to provide the information, we would like to take the opportunity to remind all writers, gallerists, editors and artists of the importance of thinking about and acknowledging the proper role of skilled craftspeople in the end product. Long live collaboration and all it stands for!